v3.6.0.2
Document and Entity Information - USD ($)
$ in Millions
12 Months Ended
Dec. 31, 2016
Mar. 23, 2017
Jun. 30, 2016
Document And Entity Information [Abstract]      
Entity Registrant Name Eleven Biotherapeutics, Inc.    
Trading Symbol EBIO    
Entity Central Index Key 0001485003    
Current Fiscal Year End Date --12-31    
Entity Filer Category Non-accelerated Filer    
Document Type 10-K    
Document Period End Date Dec. 31, 2016    
Document Fiscal Year Focus 2016    
Document Fiscal Period Focus FY    
Amendment Flag false    
Entity Common Stock, Shares Outstanding (in shares)   24,700,746  
Entity Well-known Seasoned Issuer No    
Entity Voluntary Filers No    
Entity Current Reporting Status Yes    
Entity Public Float     $ 18.9